Cremona, placid province spread over the Po valley a few steps away the Po river, is known as the city of the three “T” “turòon, Turàs, tetàs”, that is nougat, Tower and tits.
To the three “T” a ”L” as lutists should be joined: here Antonio Stradivari (1644-1737) was born and here is the home of that refined handicraft that still produces violins, violas, cellos, guitars and harps.
The city boasts very interesting monuments to be visited, always under the watchful eye of the Torrazzo (the Tower) which stands over the plain in full view from a distance.
A bit of history:
Legend has it that Cremona was founded by the mythical hero Hercules.
During the Roman age it was embattled trying to stop the Hannibal’s advance.
In the early Middle Ages it was conquered by the Lombards after the war against the Byzantines.
During the Age of the city states, there were fierce infightings between Guelphs and Ghibellines so that two city halls were built.
Cremona joined the Lombard League which defeated the Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and in 1232 it allied itself with the Emperor Frederick II.
Overpowered by Parma, Cremona took its revenge when Oberto II Pallavicino routed the army of Parma.
In 1300 the city expanded, the Torrazzo was finished and the lands were organized with the construction of irrigation canals.
After the expulsion of Oberto II in 1226, Cremona was ruled by many Seigniories and among them the Sforza and the Visconti families.
According to the legend the renowned and delicious “torrone” was tasted for the first time at the wedding dinner of Francesco I Sforza and Bianca Maria Visconti.
The “Torrazzo” is in height the second Italian bell tower (about 364 ft) and the first one in Europe built in masonry.
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